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My bear- and plushie-making library is a scattershot one; with few exceptions every book in it still has the price tag from a used bookstore. I’m going to run down a quick review of them less to give you an impression of any specific book, and more to give you an idea of what kinds of things books cover, so when you are in a book store or library with a book in your hands, you can decide if it’s what you’re looking for.

I have a lot, and have checked out probably every book in the library on the subject, so it’ll take awhile to get through them all. I’ll try to skip around from bear-making to plushie-making to some doll-making.

I’m going to include Amazon links with my referral code, but always check your library first, or for the older ones, a local used book store.

Easy-to-Make Teddy Bears & All The Trimmings

Jodie Davis has a whole series of “Easy-To-Make” books, which tend to be very easy to find in used bookstores. They’re easy to overlook, because they were published in the late 80’s with low-quality binding and paper, and the covers have a very dated “country decor” look. Don’t be deceived: they’re still some of the best beginner books out there.

Good: She covers every step of the process, though only crown joints and bolt-and-nut. She gives several sizes of bear, and a plethora (more than half the book) of clothing, accessories, bear-themed Christmas ornaments, etc.

Bad: The perfect binding really does not stand up to being flattened to trace patterns, so often-used library copies tend to shed pages. The larger patterns are broken into multiple parts, or printed with overlap, though this is done as clearly as possible.

How To Sew Little Felt Animals

One of the few modern books on sewing jointed animals, this one by Sue Quinn covers (obviously) felt specifically. Unlike some of the other felt books (which I’ll cover in future reviews), this one uses the same sew-and-turn techniques that are used on other bear fabrics. I suspect the patterns would work just as well in upholstery fabric; certainly all the techniques would (though I prefer backstitching when hand-sewing).

Good: The patterns are a cute assortment of animals, and they all come with clothing patterns. Sue manages to get an amazing amount of detail into clothes without making them a fiddly bunch of tiny pieces.

Bad: The patterns are all printed at 75% scale to fit in the book… except when they aren’t. The clothing patterns appear to actually be 100%, though I haven’t checked them all to see if that’s consistent. Sanity-check the patterns before you commit to fabric.

Cats, Rats, & Other Creatures

This Neysa Phillippi book is at the same time very traditional and very nontraditional. Traditional because she covers mohair, nose embroidery, and jointing. Nontraditional because her creations are very distinctive characters, and as far as I know she’s the only bearmaker with a distictive style who is also willing to share her patterns.

The good: Neysa includes a lot of different options for arms and legs, and the head shapes are anything but standard. Very good for learning about pattern drafting.

The bad: The general instructions don’t cover fabric selection at all, and as mentioned above the only deviation from traditional bearmaking is the inclusion of both safety and sew-in eyes.

Constructing Teddy and His Friends

Jennifer Laing’s book has a wide variety of non-bear “friends.” She has both a teddy-style and all-fours bear, plus some patterns that veer into doll territory (an elf, gnome, and golliwog).

The good: The variety of animal types gives a lot of room for seeing how things work - the elephant’s trunk, a wedge joint for “flexible” necks, etc. She also includes a lot of technique instructions for things like securing whiskers and hand-tufted mohair, making claws, and so on.

The bad: The technique instructions are included with the specific pattern they’re used on, so it’s not as useful for a reference book.

The worse: Even in the early 2000’s, golliwogs were controversial. I’m going to just say it: they’re racist. If you want to avoid them, her earlier book, The Art Of Making Teddy Bears, is bears-only. I can’t personally vouch for it, but I’ve heard good things about it, though it only has three patterns.

What to look for

If you don’t spot any of these and you’re browsing in a library or bookstore, it’s hard to go wrong with almost any book if you’re looking for basic instructions. Find a book that appeals to you, that has clear illustration or photos, and that has a good index or at least table of contents. If you plan to work with a knit fabric like faux fur or minky, find a book that covers it rather than one that deals entirely in mohairs, at least if you plan to use the patterns in it. (I’ll be covering how to stabilize stretchy fabrics with an interlining, though.)

Where books go awry tends to be in the actual patterns themselves - not all bear makers are as nerdy as I am, so publishers are often working with quirky hand-drawn patterns. Sometimes things get enlarged or reduced along the way, which can introduce errors. The same is true of patterns downloaded from the internet. Mistakes are easier to correct but you might be the first person to try that pattern. Or you might misprint it; single-page patterns like Flower Bear are hard to goof up even if you accidentally print-to-fit. At worst, your entire Flower Bear is a little too big or too small, which is better than an oversized head or, worse, a head side printed at a different scale than its gusset. And sometimes the designer makes some simple but untested changes to a pattern, or forgets to include last-minute changes. I made Flower Bear from the pattern exactly as published, and I won’t publish the Little Big Cat pattern until I make the revisions, print a new pattern out of Inkscape, and sew a Big Cat I’m happy with. (Although if you want to be a pattern tester, I’ll share early-release versions.)

Questions? Don’t hesitate to ask!

Flower Bear

Flower Bear is a slightly updated version of Sunflower Bear, who took a ribbon at the Kansas State Fair after serving as a get-well bouquet for my hospitalized mother-in-law. It’s just the right size to hand-sew if you’re so inclined, but not so small that it’s a challenge to turn or that imperfections are unforgiving.

must resist temptation for a Goldilocks reference

Apart from the flower ruff, it’s a very conventional bear. You can make it without the ruff or contrast head color, in upholstery velvet or other short-pile (or no-pile) woven fabric. Most fabric stores will sell you an eighth of a yard of fabric (a 4.5” strip) which is more than enough to make a Flower Bear or five.

Flower Bear Instructions and Pattern (pdf)

The instructions are still a little sparse; as I get pictures taken of various steps and techniques, I’ll flesh them out. As of the first draft, it does assume you’ve got a more complete reference, or have made bears before.

If it seems intimidating, don’t let it be. Teddy bears are among the easiest of stuffed animals to sew because the majority of sewing is flat. Just two same-shaped pieces that you’re sewing around the edges of, no trying to match up weird curves.

Sewing head gussets and insetting footpads is a little more of a challenge, but not too much. Upholstery velvet is a very stable fabric. The seams involve no easing (that is, the seams are exactly the same length even when they’re not the same shape), and there are plenty of marks to keep you on track. Give it a try?

You should be able to find bear-making books pretty easily in any library or used bookstore. If you really have to buy one new (and want to throw me a little Amazon referral joy), I recommend Jennifer Laing’s Constructing Teddy And His Friends, largely because I once took a pattern-drafting class from Jennifer.

Teddy-bear style black panther

What do you call a teddy bear that isn’t a bear? “Jointed plush” covers the on-all-fours type (which technically so does “teddy bear,” I guess), but “teddy-bear style big cat” is a mouthful.

Black panther face

Whatever you call it, that’s what this week’s brag is. I had hoped to get one of the unicorns or dragons done to show off in the first week, but I’m still figuring out some technical issues so that didn’t happen.

Black panther standing

The panther wasn’t without its technical issues either. I started with a spotted leopard from my old (2005-era?) pattern, and wasn’t happy with the bearishness of its head. I revised it to be more leopard-y, and changed the neck joint from a gathered base to inset disks.

Panther and leopard comparison

Somehow, though, I managed to not grab a pair of matching disks, so I put the body disk in, cranked the cotter pin down… and realized the body disk was visibly larger than the head disk. I’d already sewed the head seam closed, so I decided I would carefully re-straighten the cotter pin and reuse it. I cranked the cotter pin down again… and popped it right through the head disk and out.

Teddy bear joints

A traditional bear joint has a disk in the head/limb and a matching one in the body, and a cotter pin is threaded through a washer, disk, and fabric, then through the fabric/disk/washer on the other side, and bent into either a spiral or a “crown” joint to hold it. Those are two complete joints, plus the guilty party.

So I ended up opening the head seam anyway, put in a fresh cotter pin, and re-tightened the joint. And then realized that despite putting just the next size down in, this one was smaller. I inherited a bunch of hand-cut, mismatched disks from one of the ladies in the Wichita bearmaker guild, so apparently I put a non-standard one in. Oh well, smaller is better than larger here.

Black panther back

This isn’t quite the final pattern; somehow while focusing on getting the face shape right, I goofed up the neck joint so I had to adjust the body or it would be star-gazing. I’ll fix the neck in the final.

Watch for the free pattern, and pre-printed cut-and-sew versions, in a couple of weeks. And watch for Flower Bear’s pattern on Friday - are you signed up for the giveaway?

Welcome to the blog reboot! Let’s kick things off with a giveaway. Meet Flower Bear:

Miniature bear with a sunflower ruff

This little bear is made from upholstery velvet and a “silk” flower, and I’ll give it away on October 1 to one lucky mailing-list subscriber — if you’ve signed up by midnight EDT, September 30, 2018, you’re in the drawing.

Miniature bear with a sunflower ruff

For the impatient, Flower Bear and Bunny fat quarters will be available from my Spoonflower shop so you can make your own. Or you can buy your own upholstery fabric and use the free pattern coming up in Friday’s entry.

Miniature bear with a sunflower ruff

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Miniature bear with a sunflower ruff

Plush pegasus

Many years ago, Silver Seams was a little business, which didn’t make much money but kept me busy during my toddler’s naps.

Plush dragon

I’ve decided it’s time to revive it, after hauling tubs of faux furs and other fabrics halfway across a continent. Naturally, the most logical thing to do is start with… miniatures, in low-pile non-bulky fabrics.

Cut-and-sew pattern printed on fabric

Tune in Monday, when I’ll kick things off for real… with a giveaway.

Teddy bear with a flower ruff